TMD

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TMD – Temporomandibular Disorders

You may have read articles in newspapers and magazines about “TMD” — temporomandibular (jaw) disorders, also called “TMJ syndrome.” Perhaps you have even felt pain sometimes in your jaw area, or maybe your dentist or physician has told you that you have TMD.

If you have questions about TMD, you are not alone. Researchers, too, are looking for answers to what causes TMD, what are the best treatments, and how can we prevent these disorders. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research has information to share with you on what they have learned about TMD.

TMD is not just one disorder, but a group of conditions, often painful, that affect the jaw joint (temporomandibular joint, or TMJ) and the muscles that control chewing. Although we don’t know how many people actually have TMD, the disorders appear to affect about twice as many women as men.

The good news is that for most people, pain in the area of the jaw joint or muscles is not a signal that a serious problem is developing. Generally, discomfort from TMD is occasional and temporary, often occurring in cycles. The pain eventually goes away with little or no treatment. Only a small percentage of people with TMD pain develop significant, long-term symptoms.

  • What is the Temporomandibular Joint?
  • What are Temporomandibular disorders?
  • What Causes TMD?
  • TMD Signs and Symptoms
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment

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